Money Matters – Skloff Financial Group Question of the Month – June 1, 2020
Q: We read the articles ‘The SECURE Act Brings the Biggest Changes to IRAs Since Their Inception’ Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 and ‘The Protected IRA Plus Plan (PIPP)’ Part 1. Can a Protected IRA Plus Plan (PIPP) provide more net income after taxes, protect our assets from financial market losses, gain protection against long term care expenses and return our assets to our beneficiaries on a tax-free basis?
A: The Problem — Optimizing Taxes after the SECURE Act
If you stretch withdrawals too long on large retirement accounts, you could increase your own tax brackets and your beneficiaries’ tax brackets. The higher your income (including withdrawals and Roth IRA conversions), the higher your: income tax bracket, capital gains rates and qualified dividends rates and probability you will be subject to the investment surtax. IRAs inherited after 12/31/19 must be withdrawn within a mere 10 years (spouses have an exception), potentially increasing beneficiaries’ tax brackets. An unexpected death or need for long term care, 7 in 10 people age 65 and older will need long term care, could force large withdrawals at high tax brackets.
The Solution – Implement a Protected IRA Plus Plan (PIPP) with the Goal of Maximizing Roth IRA Values
The Protected IRA Plus Plan (PIPP) can be customized for various goals. If the goal is to maximize guaranteed lifetime income, you complete a tax-free transfer of a Traditional IRA to a Traditional IRA (in whole or in part) that holds a Single Premium Immediate Annuity (SPIA). The SPIA provides a guaranteed lifetime income by accelerating Traditional IRA withdrawals through substantially equal periodic withdrawals before and during the period when RMDs are required. You can also complete Roth IRA conversions, if creating a tax-free asset is another goal. And, with a portion of the guaranteed lifetime income, you purchase life insurance with long term care (LTC) or chronic illness benefits (Hybrid Life and Long Term Care Insurance).
The insurance policy leverages premiums paid (ideally, not using IRA withdrawals) into significantly more tax-free LTC benefits and/or a tax-free death benefit, while protecting the value of the IRA from financial market losses. Since withdrawals from Inherited Roth IRAs are tax-free, they can be delayed until the 10th year, maximizing their growth. The PIIP protects your assets from an unexpected death or need for LTC, creates more wealth, reduces (combined) taxes for you and your beneficiaries and maximizes guaranteed lifetime income.
Numbers Speak Louder Than Words. Let us look at an example of a married couple and their son. Harvey (age 65) has a $500,000 Traditional IRA and his wife Myrna (59) does not have any IRAs. If Harvey transfers his Traditional IRA to a Traditional IRA that holds a SPIA, the SPIA will generate $30,000 per year of guaranteed lifetime income (a 6% cashflow). Based on their income and joint filing status, they can: maintain a low income tax bracket of 12% on some income and 22% on some income, a capital gains and qualified dividends rate of 15% and avoid the 3.8% investment surtax. Harvey can protect his $500,000 asset from financial market losses, an unexpected death or need for LTC by paying $12,762 per year (from income he would have spent) from age 65 to 85 for a $500,000 Hybrid Life and LTC insurance policy.
While Harvey receives $30,000 per year, he pays $6,600 in taxes (conservatively assuming it is all taxed at 22%) and $12,762 in insurance premiums. This nets him $10,638 per year or 2.1% ($10,638 / $500,000). From the age of 65 to 85, Harvey receives $630,000 on a pre-tax basis and $491,400 on an after-tax basis. When Harvey passes away at 85, his beneficiaries receive $500,000 on a tax-free basis and on an estate tax free basis (with an Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust (ILIT), if needed). See the flowchart below.
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Action Step — Work Closely with a Registered Investment Adviser (RIA) to Review Your Finances
Work closely with an RIA to review your estate, financial and tax plan to determine if you have the best strategies in place to build and protect your wealth. Implement the solutions described above based on your unique circumstances.
Aaron Skloff, Accredited Investment Fiduciary (AIF), Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA), Master of Business Administration (MBA) is CEO of Skloff Financial Group, a Registered Investment Advisory firm. He can be contacted at www.skloff.com or 908-464-3060.